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Scène de circulation routière à Marrakech
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Avenue Mohammed V à Marrakech
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Description de la photo
Titre: Koutoubia Mosque
Prise de:

On avenue Mohammed V in Marrakech.

Description:

The Koutoubia Mosque (Arabic: جامع الكتبية‎) is the largest mosque in Marrakech, Morocco. The minaret was completed under the reign of the Almohad Caliph Yaqub al-Mansur (1184-1199) and was used as model for the Giralda of Seville then for the Hassan Tower of Rabat.

The name is derived from the Arabic al-Koutoubiyyin for librarian, since it used to be surrounded by sellers of manuscripts. It is considered the ultimate structure of its kind. The tower is 69 m in height and has a lateral length of 12.8 m. Six rooms (one above the other) constitute the interior; leading around them is a ramp by way of which the muezzin could ride up to the balcony. It is built in a traditional Almohad style and the tower is adorned with four copper globes.

According to legend, they were originally made of pure gold, and there were once supposed to have been only three. The fourth was donated by the wife of Yacoub el-Mansour as compensation for her failure to keep the fast for one day during the month of Ramadan. She had her golden jewelry melted down to fashion the fourth globe.

The minaret of the Koutoubia was the model for the minaret of the Giralda mosque in Seville which in its turn has influenced thousands of church towers in Spain and Eastern Europe (e.g. the churches on the red square in Moscow), and later for many buildings throughout the United States of America (including the Manhattan Municipal Building and Russia (especially during the Stalinist era).

Mots clés: tour, minaret, palce, fountain
Données image
Image sizes: 2141*3307px, 1627kb
Origin: Originally a digital image, with postprocessing
Date/Time: 20071021-125153
Camera: Canon EOS 350D DIGITAL
Iso: 100
Speed: 1/125s
Aperture: F8.0
Focal length: 17.0mm
Aperture: 27mm
Position coordinates:WGS84 LONG -7.99276292324°, LAT 31.6246817224°
Destination coordinates;WGS84 LONG -7.99354612827°, LAT 31.6241016089°
Air-line distance:
Bearing:
Author: André M. Winter
Photo copyright: This photograph is copyrighted (©) by André M. Winter and others. A free permissions for re-use may be given for non-commercial purposes. Commercial use requires a license. Contact André M. Winter for any kind of use. This extended copyright notice applies in all cases. Infringements always will be persecuted worldwide. Legal court: Innsbruck, Austria, E.U.
Text copyright: The description of this photograph (or parts of) is based on this article of the free Wikipedia encyclopedia and are covered by the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL). Authors are named on the Wikipedia page.
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